Fire Alarms

fire

Most people who die in fires do so because they did not have enough warning of the situation!


From the humble smoke detector to fully monitored alarms with automatic fire containment facility, a fire alarm is only as good as its installation, maintenance and reliability.


At BRS, we offer solutions to fire detection for the domestic and commercial sectors, please call our office to arrange a free survey/quotation of your property, and our expert advisers can assist you on building a fire protection plan, and design a system that's right for you.


Fire detection within the home can be added as part of your intruder alarm system, for more information please use the link 'Fire detection in the home' located on the right of this page.


Legislation


New fire safety rules affecting all non-domestic premises in England and Wales came into force on 1 October 2006. If you are responsible for business premises, then you may be affected by the new Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 to ensure the safety of people within these premises. See the link 'Are you responsible?' located on the right of this page for more information.


What kind of fire detection and alarm system do i need?


There are many different types of fire detection and alarm systems available today, from single zone panels for small offices, to the high end addressable systems suited more towards multiple occupancy buildings.


The decision as to whether you need a fire alarm system, or what category of system you would require should be chosen following a complete risk assessment of the property. Also consultations with building control officers, local fire authorities, and finding out what your insurance requirements are will ensure you have all the information you need.


For detailed information about compiling a risk assessment for your property, please use the link 'Risk Assessments' located on the right of this page which is an outside link to Communities and local government website.


Fire alarm categories


Fire alarm systems fall into three main categories, L systems are to protect life, P systems protect property, and M which are manual activated systems. There are various degrees of protection for each category, these being:


Category L

• L1 systems have automatic detection and sounders installed throughout all areas of a building, this provides occupants with the earliest possible warning of a fire, giving the longest possible time to evacuate.

• L2 systems have automatic detection in all escape routes and rooms adjoining escape routes. This category is the same as L3, but with the additional coverage of any other areas deemed as high risk. Sounders will still be installed throughout.

• L3 systems have automatic detection in all escape routes and rooms adjoining escape routes. This category is ensures that occupants can evacuate the building before the escape routes become unpassable. Sounders will still be installed throughout.

• L4 systems have automatic detection in all escape routes only. This category will give early warning that the escape routes are being affected by fire. Sounders will still be installed throughout.

• L5 systems are custom designed systems that are not covered by any of the previous categories.

Category P

• P1 systems have automatic detection installed throughout all areas of a building, this is to minimise the time from the start of a possible fire, to the arrival emergency services, thus minimising damage to the property .

• P2 systems have automatic detection in specific areas of the building that are deemed as high risk, providing early warning of a possible fire to the emergency services.

Category M

• M systems are manually activated only systems, these systems will have sounders installed throughout to alert all occupants when the system is activated.